RTÉ ONE is the main channel of the largest public service broadcaster in the Republic of Ireland, Raidió Teilifís Éireann, transmitted on the country's analogue and digital platforms. It began broadcasting on 31st December 1961, and its income is derived from licence fee payments and advertising/sponsorship revenue.
The first broadcast was made by the President of the time, Éamon de Valera, and the opening night featured a gala broadcast from the Gresham Hotel in Dublin, presented by Eamonn Andrews, who was also the first chair of the RTÉ Authority.
Early station idents made use of a St Brigid's Cross, a straw construction with four spokes radiating from a square centre representing an Irish Roman Catholic saint. The St Brigid's Cross concept continued in RTÉ ONE's on-screen presentation in various designs until 2003. The RTE1 name was first adopted in 1980, two years after the launch of RTÉ's second channel, with the accented É being used on-air officially in 1995.
RTÉ ONE is available to viewers in Northern Ireland via Sky Digital (as part of the Bonus Pack) and Virgin Media (as part of the M package). Its analogue and digital broadcasts from the Republic of Ireland's transmitter networks can be picked up in various parts of Northern Ireland. Provision will be made for RTÉ ONE to be broadcast as a free-to-air service, in addition to RTÉ TWO and TG4, on all platforms following the digital switchover in Northern Ireland in 2012.
RTÉ ONE 2000 - 2003
RTÉ ONE 2003 - 2006
RTÉ ONE 2006 - Present
Examples of programme promotions
RTÉ ONE broadcasts its main news bulletins at 1.00pm (weekdays only), 6.01pm and 9.00pm every day. Short bulletins also feature regularly during the daytime schedule and before or around midnight.
The reason why the early evening bulletin, usually known as the "Six One", begins at 6.01pm, rather than 6.00pm, is because RTÉ ONE broadcasts The Angelus, a traditional Roman Catholic prayer, at 6.00pm. In previous years, the Angelus was broadcast with stills of iconic Catholic imagery, but in recent years, RTÉ have produced various films which reflect a broader representation of a multi-cultural modern Irish society.
An Irish language bulletin, Nuach RTÉ is broadcast at 5.45pm every day before the "Six One". Since 2009, Nuacht RTÉ bulletins have been broadcast from TG4's studios in County Galway (RTÉ provide TG4 with their news bulletins at no cost as part of their obligation to provide TG4 with 365 hours of programming a year). RTÉ and TG4's news programmes often share presenting and reporting staff.